Biografía de la cuádruple hélice

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Fechas y datos clave

Notas y referencias

  1. Etzkowitz, Henry, & Leydesdorff, L. (1998). The Endless Transition: A “Triple Helix” of University-Industry-Government Relations. Minerva, 36(3), 203–208.
  2. Chesbrough, H. (2003). Open Innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Harvard Business School Press.
  3. Hippel, E. von. (2005). Democratizing Innovation. MIT Press.
  4. Carayannis, E. G., & Campbell, D. F. J. (2009). “Mode 3” and “Quadruple Helix”: toward a 21st century fractal innovation ecosystem. International Journal of Technology Management,46(3), 201–234.
  5. Chesbrough, H. (2009). Innovación abierta. Barcelona: Plataforma Editorial.
  6. Carayannis, E.G. & Campbell, D.F. (2010) Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix and Quintuple Helix and How Do Knowledge, Innovation and the Environment Relate To Each Other? : A Proposed Framework for a Trans-disciplinary Analysis of Sustainable Development and Social Ecology. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development. 1 (1), 41–69.
  7. L. Leydesdorff (2012). The Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix, …, and an N-Tuple of Helices: Explanatory Models for Analyzing the Knowledge-Based Economy?, Journal of the Knowledge Economy, vol. 3, 1, págs. 25-35.
  8. Chesbrough, H.; Vanhaverbeke, W. y West, J. (Eds.) (2014). New Frontiers in Open Innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  9. Leydesdorff, L. & Ivanova, I. (2016). “Open innovation” and “triple helix” models of innovation: can synergy in innovation systems be measured? Journal of Open Innovation (pp. 1-12), vol. 2, nº 1.
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